The Aurora Borealis in Canada

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Canada is one of the best places to let yourself be marveled by the natural show of celestial brightly-colored lights. But what are these lights? Why does the sky have this effect only in some parts of the planet? Well, it’s a little bit tricky to explain but the short version is that they are the consequence of charged sun particles colliding with molecules in our atmosphere. The molecules get excited due to the collision and it makes them glow.

This phenomenon is only visible in the planet’s magnetic poles both north (aurora borealis) and south (aurora australis). However, it is easier to see them up north because Antarctica is difficult to reach. That’s why Canada is an amazing spot to just visit and admire the beauty of this magnetic effect.

There are many places in Canada you can choose from, but we are going to mention three. The first one is Yellowknife in the Northwest Territories. It is said that in this city there is a 90% chance you will see the lights. This is thanks to; being a less populated area, its flat landscape and its position directly under the aurora circle.

The second place is White Horse, the capital of Yukon. It is a very accessible place and you can find many tours to chase the aurora every day especially in the winter months. The Canadian Rockies are another option and you can get incredible pictures of the landscape. The Banff National Park and Jasper National Park are the perfect spots to chase the lights.

You can see this effect all year round but in the winter months when the dark is longer is a better time to appreciate them. You must consider that it is a really cold region and you have to prepare for -20° C temperatures or even less. Nevertheless, it is an experience you must live at least once in your life and it’s totally worth it.


  • Molecules: The smallest unit of a substance.
  • Collision: An accident in which two things crash together.
  • Phenomenon: Something that exists and can be perceived, especially something out of the ordinary.
  • Chase: To run after something to catch it.


Read more about the northern lights and search the scientific word you cannot understand completely. If you need any help please ask your learning advisor.


  • Which other parts of Canada would you like to visit? Why?

Welcome to this activity. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.

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