Nature Smart: The Bengal Tiger

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Tigers are the largest of all big cats. Five subspecies remain alive today, of which the Bengal tiger is the most common but not the biggest. It is found in a wide range of forest and mangrove habitats in India and Bangladesh.

The Bengal tiger’s distinctive coat is a deep orange with white undersides, chest, throat and parts of its face, and dark stripes; no two tigers have the same markings. They can weigh up to 200kg and their length can be up to 2.5m. Despite their size and weight, tigers are very stealthy and agile.

The tiger is an ambush attacker, which means they stalk their preys while hidden by the undergrowth; once the tiger is close enough it will launch a lightning strike, surging out of cover and using its weight to knock the prey to the ground. Then, like the rest of the big cats, it delivers a deadly bite to the throat, which causes strangulation or breaks the neck.

Source: Smithsonian. Wildlife of the World. DK Publishing, New York, United States. 2015, 480pp.


  • Mangrove: Tropical tree, found near water, whose twisted roots grow partly above ground.
  • Stealthy: Quiet and careful in order not to be seen or heard.
  • Undergrowth: A mass of bushes, small trees, and plants, growing under the trees in a forest or jungle.
  • Prey: An animal that is hunted and killed for food by another animal.


Think about the traditional medicine of every country and decide whether you would try it even if it is damaging an endangered animal.


  • What would you do if you see tiger near?

Welcome to this activity created by Junior Advisor Ms. Adriana Navarro Posada. from Polanco Branch. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.

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