Moscow’s Red Square

Learnex, English Forever ¡Aprende Inglés para Siempre!

Red Square used to be a market square adjoining the merchants’ area in Kitay Gorod. It has always been a place where occupants of the Kremlin chose to congregate, celebrate and castigate for all the people to see. Back in the day, Red Square was the top spot for high-profile executions such as those of the Cossack rebel Stepan Razin in 1671 and the Streltsy (Peter the Great’s mutinous palace guard) in 1698.

Soviet rulers chose Red Square for their military parades, perhaps most poignantly on 7 November 1941, when tanks rolled straight off to the frontline outside Moscow; and during the Cold War, when lines of ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missile) rumbled across the square to remind the West of Soviet military might. On Victory Day in 2008, tanks rolled across Red Square for the first time since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Nowadays Red Square is closed to traffic, which means the space is filled with tourists, bridal parties and businesspeople snapping photos and marvelling at their surroundings. The square empties out at night, but this is also when it is at its most atmospheric. The Kremlin towers and St Basil’s domes, illuminated by floodlights and set against the night sky, create a spectacular panorama.



  • Floodlights: A large, powerful electric light used for lighting outside areas, such as sports fields or buildings, in the dark.
  • Adjoin: To be very near, next to, or touching.
  • Dome: A rounded roof on a building or a room, or a building with such a roof.
  • High-profile: Attracting a lot of attention and interest from the public and newspapers, television, etc.
  • Straight off: Continuing in one direction without bending or curving.
  • Roll: To (cause something to) move somewhere by turning over and over or from side to side.


Study in advance adjectives and a few terms related to architecture.


  • How much do you think you know about Russia?

Session 6

Welcome to this activity created by Senior Advisor Ms. Olmos Fabela Michelle Olimpia from Santa Fe Branch. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.

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