Logic Smart: Use of Deductive Reasoning Skills

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Deductive reasoning can be a useful tool for analyzing a situation or issue and coming up with a specific solution or answer.

You can use a deductive argument to a family member’s issue or problem. Start by gathering information from your sister in the form of a question and answer. You may ask her, “Who last used the charger?” “When was the last time you used the charger?” “Where do you usually plug in the charger in the house?”

Based on her answers to your questions, you can use deductive reasoning to make an assumption about where the charger can be found. For example, she may answer, “Mom used it yesterday to charge her phone” or “I usually plug it into the bedroom outlet”. If she provides the first answer, you can deduce that your mother may know where the charger is located. If she provides the second answer, you can deduce that the charger is likely in the bedroom outlet.

In Math Deductive reasoning is often represented as the general (X) and the specific (Y). There are three steps to form a deductive argument.

You can apply deductive reasoning in your workplace by using it to solve a company issue or problem.  For example, your client may have an issue with the way you are communicating with her. She may complain that she does not feel she is kept up to date on the status of the project you are both working on.

You can then ask your client several general questions: How can you provide more up to date information? In what ways can you make the client feel more connected? What information would she like to be made aware of in relation to the project?

Your client may note that she would like status reports every week. Based on the client’s answers, you can form a premise: weekly status reports will keep your client happy. You can then deduce that weekly status reports will ensure your client is up to date on the status of the project.

Source.

Vocabulary:

  • Outlet: A device connected to the electricity system that a plug fits into in order to supply electricity to something.
  • Plug in: To connect.
  • Premise: A previous statement or proposition from which another is inferred or follows as a conclusion.
  • Up to date: Incorporating or aware of the latest information.

Questionnaire:

  • In what cases would you use deductive reasoning?

Welcome to this activity created by Junior Advisor Ms. Michelle Mejido from Narvarte Branch. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.

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