Cathedral of the Apostles Peter and Paul

Learnex, English Forever ¡Aprende Inglés para Siempre!

The Peter and Paul Cathedral (Russian: Петропавловский собор) is a Russian Orthodox cathedral located inside the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia. It is the first and oldest landmark in St. Petersburg, built between 1712 and 1733 on Hare Island along the Neva River. Both the cathedral and the fortress were originally built under Peter the Great and designed by Domenico Trezzini

The Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul is the oldest church in St. Petersburg, and also the second-tallest building in the city (after the television tower). It is intimately linked to both the history of the city and to the Romanov dynasty, as it is home to the graves of nearly all the rulers of Russia since Peter the Great.

Red brick walls, glazed tiles and ornate decoration give this cathedral the immediately recognizable air of a medieval Moscow church – and yet it was only finished in 1904. It was designed as an ‘accessible’ church for local residents who were fed up of not being allowed into palace churches and the like. A spot overlooking the Olgin pond was chosen and the church designed with a viewing platform around the church’s central spire, from which even Petersburg itself can be seen across the marshland and pine forest. As with all of Peterhof, it suffered serious damage in the war and was used by German forces spying on Soviet ships. For the next few decades the remarkable building was used as a storage facility, until in post-Soviet times it became a functioning church again.

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  • Fortress: A large, strong building or group of buildings that can be defended from attack.
  • Landmark: A building or place that is easily recognized.
  • Fed up: Annoyed or disgusted by something that you have experienced for too long.
  • Marshland:  An area of low, wet land, usually covered with tall grasses.
  • Facility: Something such as a place, building, or equipment used for a particular purpose or activity.


If you want more specific information and details about the church, read this.


  • Would you like to visit the fortress? If you could, what would you ask Domenico Tenzzini?

Session 3

Welcome to this activity created by Learning Advisor Mr. Pedro Cristian Betancourt from Polanco Branch. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.

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