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Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin “the father of Russian Literature” was a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the greatest Russian poet and the founder of modern Russian literature.
Pushkin was born into Russian nobility in Moscow. Нis father, Sergey Lvovich Pushkin, belonged to Pushkin noble families. His matrilineal great-grandfather was Abram Petrovich Gannibal. He published his first poem at the age of 15, and was widely recognized by the literary establishment by the time of his graduation from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Upon graduation from the Lycee, Pushkin recited his controversial poem «Ode to Liberty», one of several that led to his being exiled by Tsar Alexander the First. While under the strict surveillance of the Tsar’s political police and unable to publish, Pushkin wrote his most famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, was serialized between 1825 and 1832.
Pushkin was fatally wounded in a duel with his brother-in-law, Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d’Anthès, also known as Dantes-Gekkern, a French officer serving with the Chevalier Guard Regiment, who attempted to seduce the poet’s wife, Natalia Pushkina.
Pushkin gradually became committed to social reform and emerged as a spokesman for literary radicals. That angered the government and led to his transfer from the capital in May 1820. He went to the Caucasus and to Crimea and then to Kamianka and Chișinău, where he became a Freemason. Pushkin’s married lover, Anna Petrovna Kern, for whom he probably wrote the most famous love poem in Russian.
He joined the Filiki Eteria, a secret organization whose purpose was to overthrow Ottoman rule in Greece and establish an independent Greek state. He was inspired by the Greek Revolution and when the war against the Ottoman Turks broke out, he kept a diary recording the events of the national uprising.
- Exiled: Expel and bar (someone) from their native country, typically for political or punitive reasons.
- Surveillance: Close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
- Secret organization: A club or an organization whose activities, events, inner functions, or membership are hidden from non-members.
- Uprising: An act of resistance or rebellion; revolt.
Write your daily thoughts and activities. Start with single words and phrases and slowly add more and more creating more depth to your writing as this will be a direct reflection of how you verbally express yourself.
- Why in your opinion was Pushkin exiled and now considered the Father of Russian Literature?
Welcome to this activity created by Team Leader Ms. Marilynn Delacruz from Reforma Branch. Take note of all the pink words, read the text, watch the video and answer the question in the comment section below.